Egypt, History & the Bible
by Ron Wyatt
(First published in newsletter # 7 in 1994)
God has intervened into the affairs of mankind many times. The original King
James Bible faithfully records these events. And it is always exciting to
discover archaeological remains that increase our understanding of these
historical events. It is a tragic fact that many "secular" records have been
found that totally confirm history as presented in the Bible but portions of
these have been intentionally destroyed or hidden by "scholars"
(evolutionists\atheists) who take it upon themselves to "manage" archaeological
evidence to suit their own deceptive purposes. The Turin Papyrus, which was
prepared in the late 18th dynasty and included lists of all the kings of every
dynasty of ancient Egypt through the 18th, was found in a temple excavation
during the 19th century. The King of Sardinia carefully preserved it and
entrusted it to some "scholars" at Turin for translation. It arrived in perfect
condition but the "scholars" destroyed or hid most of it because they realized
that it proved the "long dynastic" history of Egypt to be untrue. To "explain"
the "changed condition" of the papyrus, they accused the king of Sardinia of
sending it "unwrapped". The Palermo Stone contained a similar list, and while
many "scholars" quote from "missing parts" of the stone, "unapproved
researchers" can only have access to a few fragments. It is obvious that the
stone was "broken" recently as all inner edges of the fragments show recent
A leading "archaeologist" on the board of B.A.R. once said to me in the
presence of Mary Nell, " Your problem, Ron, is that you excavate a location to
see what is there; you should decide what you want to be there first and
then make it turn out that way". Mary Nell had refused to believe me when I told
her that this is what archaeologists do. She was shocked to hear it "from the
Those of you who like to "dig" through history books might wish to read
ARCHAIC EGYPT by W.B. Emery--Penguin Books Reprint 1984. This author is one of
the rare few who admit how truly limited our knowledge of ancient Egypt is:
"Unfortunately, our knowledge of the archaic hieroglyphs is so limited that
reliable translation of these invaluable texts is at present beyond our power
and we can only pick out odd words and groups which give us only the vaguest
interpretations." (p. 59.) Yet, in the majority of books, translations and
conclusions are never stated as being theory; they are stated as firm fact.
Egypt in Prophecy
The Bible gives us panoramic views of ancient cities and kingdoms through
prophecies that extend from the time that the prophecy is being written until
the end of time. One such prophecy sequence is in the nineteenth chapter of
Isaiah. This prophecy is about the land of Egypt. We recommend that you read
this chapter after asking the Father to give you the enlightening of the Holy
Spirit, asking in the name and Blood of Jesus Christ. We will look at the verses
that we can find secular historical references to and archaeological remains
The first such text is the fourth verse of this chapter: I
SA 19:4 And the
Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord; and a fierce king
shall rule over them, saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.
During the 7th
century A.D., Egypt was conquered by Mahomet and his followers. Seldom has so
cruel a person appeared upon the stage of history as Mahomet. He ordered the
brutal death of all those who refused to accept his new god, Allah, and to
accept him (Mahomet) as this god's only prophet. The result was that he killed
the honest and truthful persons and spared the liars and dishonest persons.
The following verses reflect the loss of the clever use and development of
water management systems that had for centuries produced great agricultural
wealth along with the production of dried fish for marketing and the production
of Egyptian papyrus that was used throughout the ancient world.
ISA 19:5 And
the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted and dried up.
6 And they shall turn the rivers far away;... 7 The paper reeds by the
brooks,...and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither,... and be no more. 8
The fishers also shall mourn, and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall
lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish. 9 Moreover
they that work in fine flax, and they that weave networks, shall be
confounded.10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof, all that make
sluices and ponds for fish.
For all practical purposes, Egypt then reverted
back to a pastoral way of life and became a base nation.
History tells us that after the downfall of the Moslem powers, Egypt became
the vassel of several world powers, such as France and Britain. It then fell
under the influence of the Soviet Union and participated in several futile and
destructive wars against Israel, but they would not be successful:
And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that maketh
mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD
of hosts, which he hath determined against it.
The "land of Judah"
"terrorized it [Egypt]" and would have conquered and occupied it except for the
intervention of the U.N. in 1967-73.
ISA 19:18 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the
language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called, The
city of destruction. This verse reflects the fact that Arabic, which is
closely akin to Hebrew and is related to the ancient Canaanite language, became
the dominant language of Egypt and its five major cities of the country. The
city of Memphis, which had been the capital of Egypt from the 1st Dynasty,
didn't survive when the Moslem conquerer, `Amr ibn el `Asi founded a new
capital, El-Fustat, on the east bank of the Nile at the south end of present-day
Cairo. The Moslems pillaged the Giza-Sakkara plateau and stripped away the
marble and polished limestone from the pyramids and temples and used it in
building their own mosques and palaces.
The nineteenth verse is the most significant in relationship to the present
time and to the amazing archaeological revelations the Lord is providing us as
proof of the reliability of His word.
ISA 19:19 In that day shall there be
an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the
border thereof to the LORD.
Let's discuss the "altar" here mentioned. First
of all, the term "altar" does not have to signify something upon which
sacrifices are offered:
JOS 22:26 Therefore we said, Let us now prepare to
build us an altar, not for burnt offering, nor for sacrifice: 27 But that
it may be a witness between us, and you, and our generations after us, ...28
Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should so say to us or to our
generations in time to come, that we may say again, Behold the pattern of the
altar of the LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor for
sacrifices; but it is a witness between us and you.
An altar can be
a monument of some type.
Today, there is a "stepped pyramid" at Sakkara. This is the remains of a very
impressive complex built by the order of Djoser, a pharaoh of the third dynasty
of Egypt, designed and built under the supervision of IM-hotep. The "steps" were
constructed of stone, which were then filled in with mud brick. Then, the entire
outer surface of the pyramid was finished off with a wind and water-proof layer
of polished limestone, giving it the familiar "pyramid" shape instead of its
present "stepped" shape. (See color photo)
But when the Moslems came, they continued a practice they were well known
for- they stripped this pyramid of its outer covering of smooth limestone and
used it in building their mosques and other buildings, leaving the mud-brick
filler exposed. Because mud-brick is extremely vulnerable to long-term wind and
weather, this filler in time disintegrated and was dug through and tossed aside
while pillagers searched for treasure. None was found, and the remains of these
mud bricks were hauled away in the 19th and 20th centuries when this area was
excavated. There are historical references to farmers hauling these mud brick
away for use as fertilizer. See SAQQARA: The Royal cemetery of Memphis
by Jean-Philippe Lauer, pub. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, pp 75. This left
the "stepped" appearance that we now see- the shape of an altar similar to the
ziggurats of Mesopotamia, except- without steps.
Joseph was obviously very close
to God and acted under Divine influence when he constructed this monument.
Djoser may have ordered its construction to honor himself, but regardless of his
motivation, in God's time it became evident as the monument it was- "an altar to
the Lord in the midst of the land of Egypt", marking the location of the grain
storage pits in the land in which God provided a safe haven for Israel to grow
and develop into a great nation.
But where was the "pillar at the border thereof"? King Solomon erected
inscribed pillars on each side of the Red Sea crossing site, and built a shrine
at the foot of Mt. Sinai in Arabia. This was done in the 10th century B.C. We
found them in 1978-84. The pillar on the Egyptian side of the crossing site had
fallen into the water when we found it in 1978 (during the time Israel had
control of the Sinai). We showed this to the Israeli military and they erected
it in concrete very near where it was found, which would be exactly "at
the border thereof" of the land of Egypt, for the Sinai soon reverted back to
Plywood in Ancient Egypt
In the earlier mentioned book, "Saqqaa", on the bottom of page 99 is a
statement about the knowledge and use of laminated "plywood" in very early
"...within the remains of a coffin whose sides were made of six thin
superimposed layers of wood with the grain alternating as in modern ply wood."
As you know the deck boards of Noah's ark were made of laminated (ply) wood,
based on the fact the we have an actual specimen. The use of the same material
by the early Egyptians proves that this knowledge was available in the early
years of ancient Egypt, passed along though Noah's offspring as they began to
settle throughout the world. It would probably stagger the imagination if we
knew how much technology was lost by man after the flood.