The Cataclysm of the Flood
The description of the flood in Genesis is incredibly short, but it says enough to let us know what a tremendous catastrophe occurred: GEN 7:11 ...the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. [In Genesis, it tells how God made dry land appear: GEN 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. 8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. 9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. What He did to make dry land appear, He UNDID to cause the flood.] All the water contained in the earth was "broken up"- and the waters above the atmosphere came hurtling down to the earth. Now, if all this doesn't sound particularly violent to you, think again. Before the flood, a tremendous amount of water was suspended above the atmosphere in the "canopy" and also great quantities were in aquifers in the earth. All of this water, most of which is now contained in the oceans, came exploding out and down at the same time, as we read in Gen. 7:11. The force of this cataclysm had to be far greater than any nuclear explosion man could dream of. Then, when it was over with, the entire planet was completely covered in water. All life was extinguished except for those on the ark. The tremendous currents and tidal waves would have had such force that the face of the planet was marred and scarred beyond description.
All matter except the bedrock had to have been engulfed in the turmoil. To better understand, if you take a bottle of water, place soil, pebbles, grass, leaves, etc., in it and then shake it up, you can see on a tiny scale what had to have occurred. But, during the flood, it was more than soil, pebbles and grass- it was everything, including animals, men, women and children, homes,- everything on the face of the planet. Nothing would be the same after it was all over.
Everything on the earth's surface was in liquid suspension, the only thing remaining stable being the bedrock. And in this "earth soup" were the bodies of thousands, perhaps even millions, of "dinosaurs"- some gigantic and some as small as our lizards today. As the turmoil lessened, the debris in the water began to settle. The heaviest and densest materials naturally settled to the bottom first. But, the turmoil was not consistent over the entire planet, so some areas experienced some settling before others did. Also, as the waves and currents traveled continually over the face of the earth, new debris would be washed into some areas after initial settling had begun, producing multiple settlement, or "strata".